Family Names

Sunday, 15 September 2019

Establishing Mary Nance's birth details


Mary Nance was born between 1808 and 1810 in Kenwyn, Cornwall, England.

Place of birth is supported by
  1.  the banns and marriage of her first marriage to Henry George she is identified as “being of this parish”, the parish being Kenwyn, Cornwall. [i] [ii]
  2.  the banns and marriage of her second marriage to Hezekiah Bennetts, where she is identified as a widow and sojourner, indicating that she was not born in Perranzabuloe [iii] [iv]  A sojourner “means someone who is a temporary resident, but in Parish Registers its meaning is a little more precise. When the Hardwicke Act was introduced in 1754, clerks were required to enter the parish for each party to a marriage. If they had been resident for more than 3 weeks then they were shown as “o.t.p.” (of this parish). However, for someone who had only taken up residence in lodgings to avoid the necessity for banns fees, this was frowned upon and the word “sojourner” was added to the entry to indicate that they had met the letter of the law but didn't really belong.”( Found in the Glossary of the website belonging to West Penwith Resources at  http://west-penwith.org.uk/wpenlink.htm)
  3. 1851 English Census where her birthplace is given as Kenwyn, Cornwall.[v]
Date of birth is a little more complex because
  1. her age is not given at the time of her first marriage to Henry George
  2. at the time of second marriage she gives her age as 26, indicating that she was born in 1813
  3. in 1841 census her age is recorded as 25 which may indicate that her age was somewhere between 25 years and under 30 as the enumerators were instructed to write 25 if the persons' age was between these years. This means she could possibly be born anywhere from 7/06/1806 to 7/06/1811
  4. the only birth for a Mary Nance in Kenwyn at any time is for a Mary Nance who was born in 1810 but not baptised until 13 years of age.  She was the daughter of Thomas & Rebecca residing in Kenwyn, Cornwall. [therefore, her calculated birthdate would be 1810 [vi]
  5.  Thomas was given as her father’s name on her second marriage certificate as well as her on her Australian death certificate, where her mother was also listed as Rebecca.[vii]
  6. Mary died at the age of 70 years in 1878 indicating that her birth year was 1808.

Conclusion
Mary was probably born between 1808 and 1810, because she was older than her second husband it is possible that she changed her birthdate slightly to decease the age difference, or she may not have actually known her real birthdate as her baptism was done so late compared to her siblings – at present no reason has yet been found as to why her baptism was so much delayed)]



[i] Banns of Marriage Henry George & Mary Nance, banns read 4, 11 & 18 December 1836, Kenwyn Parish Register unnumbered entry, year 1836, page 36. "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-6SFS-9KP?cc=1769414&wc=3CB4-4W5%3A138123201%2C139147401%2C139205601 : 14 April 2015), image 21 of 149, citing Kenwyn Parish Registers, Marriage Banns banns, 1836-1844; Cornwall Records Office, Truro
[ii] Marriage of Henry George & Mary Nance married 19 December 1836 , Kenwyn Parish Register entry 580, year 1836, page 194. "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-6SFS-932?cc=1769414&wc=3CB4-4WG%3A138123201%2C139147401%2C139221401 : 14 April 2015), image 100 of 150, citing Kenwyn Parish Registers, Marriages, 1829 -1841; Cornwall Records Office, Truro.
[iii] Banns of Marriage Hezekiah Bennetts & Mary George(widow), banns read 10, 17 & 24 March 1839, Perranzabuloe Parish Register unnumbered entry, year 1839, page 180. "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-65ZV-SP?cc=1769414&wc=3CB8-7M3%3A138123201%2C140512501%2C140542901  : 14 April 2015), image 193 of 116, citing Perranzabuloe Parish Registers, Marriage Banns banns, 1823-1844; Cornwall Records Office, Truro.
[iv] Marriage of Hezekiah Bennetts (miner aged 21, son of Philip Bennetts, husbandman) & Mary George(widow aged 26 daughter of Thomas Nance, Husbandman), married 28 March 1839, Perranzabuloe Parish Register entry 47, year 1839, page 24. "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HY-65ZK-MY?cc=1769414&wc=3CB8-7MW%3A138123201%2C140512501%2C140550201  : 14 April 2015), image 27 of 254, citing Perranzabuloe Parish Registers, Marriages, 1837 -1860; Cornwall Records Office, Truro.
[v] 1851 census of England, Cornwall, The household of household of Hezekiah & Mary Bennets, Goonhaven in Probus, the Parish of Perranzabuloe. Citing PRO HO107 piece 1909 Folio 431 page 14
[vi]  "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-6SFS-S8R?cc=1769414&wc=3CB4-HZ9%3A138123201%2C139147401%2C139147402 : 14 April 2015); Baptism of Mary (13 years) baptised on 11 July 1823, daughter of Thomas(labourer) & Rebecca Nance residing Church town, Kenwyn parish register for baptisms, 1813-1829, entry 1252, page 157. Year 1823, Kenwyn Cornwall > Kenwyn > Baptisms, 1813-1829 > image 82 of 158; Cornwall Records Office, Truro.[born circa 1810)
[vii] Death Certificate Mary Bennetts, died 15 August 1878, Chewton, Victoria Australia (Victoria  Australia Registry of Births Deaths and Marriage 2051/1878)

Tuesday, 16 July 2019

Establishing the parents of Thomas Crump

Working backwards

Photographer Sandra Williamson, Gravestone Thomas Crump & Selina Crump nee Wheeler, Boroondara Cemetery, Kew, Victoria, Australia, Sandra Williamson’s private Collection, 11 July 2003[B023]
Thomas Crump died on the 13 April 1874 in Hawthorn, Victoria, Australia.  On his death certificate it stated that he was born in “Kent, England” and had been living for “32 years in Victoria”[i].
Based on the time he lived in Victoria he would have arrived around 1841/2.  His death certificate also stated that he had been married twice although the name of his first wife was not listed, as particulars were unknown at the time.

Shipping Records

The only Thomas Crump arriving in Australia in 1841/2 travelled on the Marquis of Hasting arriving in Sydney on 4 February 1841, accompanied by his wife Rebecca Crump.  On Rebecca’s record, it stated that she was formerly known as Underhill presumably her maiden name as her father’s surname is also given as an Underhill.[ii].[iii].

A Closer look at Thomas’s Entitlement Certificate

Below is a transcription of the certificate
“Thomas Crump
Married Male Immigrant
Arrived by the Ship Marquis of Hastings
Bought out by C.F  Warne
A native of – Parish of Goudhurst – Kent.  Parents living at East Fairly, Coxheath near Maidstone – Fathers Name Wm Startup Mothers name Elizabeth
Calling – Agriculture Labourer
Age on embarkation – Twenty seven on 25 Nov 1840
Person certifying Registry of Baptism – None
Character, and Person certifying the same S W Nursington(?) & others
State of bodily health, strength, and probably usefulness very good
Religion Wesleyan Methodist
Read and Write – Both
Remarks – no Complaints”

The Entitlement certificate reveals that Thomas considered his parents to be William and Elizabeth Startup. Records show that his mother Elizabeth married William Startup by banns on 10 February 1816 in Tudeley with Capel, Kent, England.[iv]
Thomas left England before the 1841 census however his mother, stepfather and the family were still living in East Fairly, Coxheath near Maidstone, Kent, England that year.[v][vi]
  1.  William Startup, age 48, Ag Lab [step father]
  2.  Elizabeth Startup, age 51 [mother]
  3. William Startup 20, Ag Lab 
  4.  John Startup 17, Ag Lab 
  5. James Startup 12, Ag Lab 
  6. Helenor Startup 10 

Living next door to
  1. Robert Startup, aged 24, Ag Lab [eldest son of William & Elizabeth, stepbrother of Thomas]
  2.  Elizabeth Startup, aged 27 [wife of the eldest son of William & Elizabeth] 
  3. Roseanna Startup, aged 1
  4. Robert Waterman, aged 70, gardener
  5. Mary Waterman, aged 55


The time & Place of Thomas’ Baptism

The pivotal evidence for the parentage of Thomas Crump is the immigration records of 1841, where his  parents are identified William Startup and Elizabeth, living in East Fairly, Coxheath near Maidstone, Kent where they are still living later in that same year at the time of the census.[vii] Elizabeth did not marry William Startup until 10 February 1816, three years after Thomas was born.[viii]  In the same immigration records his age is recorded as “Twenty seven on 25 Nov 1840” which results in a calculated birthdate of 25 Nov 1813 a two-day variance from the date recorded as in his baptism records.

Conclusion

Thomas CRUMP was born on 22nd November 1813 and baptised a month later on 2nd January 1814 Church of England, Goudhurst, Kent, the illegitimate son of Elizabeth Crump late a servant of Mr W. Mynn, the father was listed as William Mynn Jnr, farmer. [ix]  
His mother, Elizabeth, went on to marry William Startup on 10 February 1816, who became Thomas’s stepfather.


[Post updated 26 July 2019]



[i] Victorian death certificate 4922 (1874), Thomas Crump, 13 April 1874, district of Boondara, entry 1168; Registry of Births Deaths and Marriages Victoria, Melbourne. 
[ii] Ancestry.com, "New South Wales, Australia, Assisted Immigrant Passenger Lists, 1828-1896," database and images, Ancestry.com (www.Ancestry.com : accessed 15 Jul 2019); Passenger record for Rebecca Crump,  4 February 1841, 'Marquis of Hastings' p.163, entry line 6; Citing State Records Authority of New South Wales; Kingswood New South Wales, Australia; Entitlement certificates of persons on bounty ships; Series: 5314;Reel: 1333; Ancestry.com. New South Wales, Australia, Assisted Immigrant Passenger Lists, 1828-1896 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007; Entitlement certificate for Rebecca Crump, who arrived on 4 February 1841 on the vessel Marquis of Hastings in New South Wales Australia from Goudhurst, Kent, Citing State Records Authority of New South Wales; Kingswood New South Wales, Australia; Entitlement certificates of persons on bounty ships; Series: 5314;Reel: 1333
[iii] Ancestry.com, "New South Wales, Australia, Assisted Immigrant Passenger Lists, 1828-1896," database and images, Ancestry.com (www.Ancestry.com : accessed 15 Jul 2019); Passenger record for Thomas Crump,  4 February 1841, 'Marquis of Hastings' p.163, entry line 5; Citing State Records Authority of New South Wales; Kingswood New South Wales, Australia; Entitlement certificates of persons on bounty ships; Series: 5314;Reel: 1333; Ancestry.com. New South Wales, Australia, Assisted Immigrant Passenger Lists, 1828-1896 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007; Entitlement certificate for Thomas Crump, who arrived on 4 February 1841 on the vessel Marquis of Hastings in New South Wales Australia from Goudhurst, Kent, Citing State Records Authority of New South Wales; Kingswood New South Wales, Australia; Entitlement certificates of persons on bounty ships; Series: 5314;Reel: 1333
[iv] “Kent Marriages and Banns”, database with images, Findmypast, Marriage of William Startup of this parish, bachelor & Elizabeth Crump of this parish, spinster were married by banns on 10 February 1816 Tudeley with Capel parish register, Marriage banns 1754-1825, page 8,entry 23; Kent Archives Office, Maidstone, County Hall, Maidstone, Kent, England, P374/1/D/2
[v] 1841 English Census HO107/457/45/ 13 The household of William & Elizabeth Startup in Coxheath Street, East Farleigh, Kent, England.
[vi] 1841 English Census HO107/457/45/ 13 The household of Robert & Elizabeth Startup in Coxheath Street, East Farleigh, Kent, England.
[vii] 1841 English Census HO107/457/45/ 13 The household of William & Elizabeth Startup in Coxheath Street, East Farleigh, Kent, England.
[viii] “Kent Marriages and Banns”, database with images, Findmypast, Marriage of William Startup of this parish, bachelor & Elizabeth Crump of this parish, spinster were married by banns on 10 February 1816 Tudeley with Capel parish register, Marriage banns 1754-1825, page 8,entry 23; Kent Archives Office, Maidstone, County Hall, Maidstone, Kent, England, P374/1/D/2
[ix] Baptism of Thomas born 22 November 1813 & baptized 2 January 1814 (illegitimate of) Elizabeth Crump, late a servant of W. Mynn’s and William Mynn, Jnr, a farmer, Goudhurst Kent parish register Baptisms 1813-1830, entry 87; Kent Archives Office, Maidstone, County Hall, Maidstone, Kent, England.