Family Names

Sunday, 28 May 2017

Five Faves Geneameme

Image created by Jill Ball as part of the Five Faves Geneameme, 2017 access 29 May 2017,
This post is part of “Five Faves Geneameme “  initiated by GeniAus  after being inspired by a GSQ Blogpost by Meg Carney 

To participate in this meme simply pen a blog post sharing details of five books written by others you have found most useful in your geneactivities.

Below is my contribution revolving around books I have used to give me a great understanding of the Victoria Era of History in both England and Australia.

Context in England
  • ·         Researching English Education & Health Records by Penelope Christensen  - This little book has been a gem; it has a wealth of information.  I had located Martha’s educational records but no-one had been able to tell me what they meant. This book also gives hints on where to find records concerning health records where and how to find them.
  • ·         Daily Life in Victorian England by Sally Mitchell - This book gives broad stroke overviews of English life, with an extensive further reading list at the back that helped me to find Ruth Goodman’s book How to be a Victorian, which I love.
  • ·         Good Food, Bright Fires & Civility – British Emigrant Depots of the 19th Century by Keith Pescod. - This book gives a lot of details about the depots and what our ancestors would have experienced as they waited to leave.  Well written and very informative.

Context in Australia
  • ·         My Wife, My Daughter and Poor Mary Ann by Beverley Kingston – I love this book and am constantly dipping into for further understanding.  It was recommended to me after I had posted a query concerning the mention of “Mary Ann” in several newspaper articles of the time.  FYI “Mary Ann” is slang for servant.
  • ·         Paupers, poor relief and poor houses in Western Australia, 1829-1910. By Penelope  Hetherington – I found the information in the book very useful and use it as a reference to dip into when I’m trying to understand attitudes during this period in WA.

I am currently trying to write a novella about my great-grandmother Martha Sarah Ellis born in 1870 in England, and the above books represent some of the interesting source material that I have found.

The kernel of my story yet to be written
Martha began life in 1870 during the Victorian Era in England. Her destiny would have been one of continual servitude either as a servant for a family or as an unpaid domestic for her father and stepmother if she had stayed.  In 1889 she journeyed to Australia on a ‘Bride Ship’ in search of a better life. On arrival in The Colonies she was faced with a whole new set of challenges. This is her story as she pushes back against the expectations and social mores to create a new life for herself.  

I’m always on the lookout for more good titles, you can never know too much.

The Death of William Carbis Snr

Article 4 - Convict Ancestors & Relations

William Carbis Senior/The Older

Christened 23 Mar 1761 St. Buryan, Cornwall, England.
Married 29 Sep 1783, Paul, Cornwall, England.
Convicted and Transported to Australia.
Died in New South Wales, Australia, location & date unknown [see below for more detail]

Artist Marsha Webster, untitled graveyard, 2012, scanned a pencil drawing, personal Collection
In 1825 William Carbis (jnr) was a Government Servant on his father's, William Carbis [Snr], estate in Wilberforce, New South Wales.[i]  In 1828 William Carbis “C.P.”[conditional pardon] owns land in Mangrove Creek, Porthead Land, New South Wales, his son by the same name is working for him [note William Carbis Junior did not get his C.P. until 1839[ii]].[iii]  In the same year, 1828, William Carbis [Snr] also requested 3 Government Servants for Farm Service.[iv]   

Beyond 1828 we have not been able to find about him in the records, or when he died.  According to Jean Staunton who has been in correspondence with the Central Coast Family History Society who advised: “that if a minister didn't perform the burial it wasn't recorded as it could be a chance [for the convict] to escape under[create] a new identity.”  So maybe there was no minister to perform the burial when William Snr died and consequently no record was made of his death.

Nothing has been located in the official New South Wales records, in TROVE, or in the known cemeteries of the region.

Theme - Convict Ancestors & Relations - May 2017

Wiki Tree Link for William Carbis

Any ideas where to look next?  

[i] Convict Muster Record in 1825  for William Corbis, ‘New South Wales and Tasmania, Australia Convict Musters, 1806-1849’, Home Office: Settlers and Convicts, New South Wales and Tasmania, Microfilm Publication HO10, Piece 19 Year 1825. The National Archives of the UK (TNA), Kew, Surrey, England.  Accessed 18 September 2016
[ii] Ancestry, Register record for Conditional Pardon #37 for William Carbis the younger,   ‘New South Wales, Australia, Convict Registers of Conditional and Absolute Pardons, 1788-1870’ State Records Authority of New South Wales; Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia; Card Index to Letters Received, Colonial Secretary; Reel Number: 797; Roll Number: 1250, Year 1839. Accessed 22 September 2016
[iii] Ancestry, "1828 New South Wales, Australia Census (TNA Copy)," database and images, ( : accessed 24 Jun 2016); Entry in 1828 Alphabetical listing C-D for # 340 for William Carbiss or Carbett  (p.14, Line 7, image 29 & 30 of 459); Original data: Home Office: Settlers and Convicts, New South Wales and Tasmania; (The National Archives Microfilm Publication HO10, Pieces 21-28); The National Archives of the UK (TNA), Kew, Surrey, England; Ancestry, Recommended Home for Ticket of Leave entry for William Carbis, ‘New South Wales and Tasmania, Australia, Convict Pardons and Tickets of Leave, 1834-1859’ Home Office: Settlers and Convicts, New South Wales and Tasmania, Class HO 10; Piece: 52 Year 1839,  Accessed 22 September 2016; Ancestry,  1828 Census Record for William Carbiss #335, ‘1828 New South Wales, Australia Census (Australian Copy)’ New South Wales Government. 1828 Census: Householders’ returns [Population and Statistics, Musters and Census Records, Census, Colonial Secretary], Surnames A-C, State Records Authority of New South Wales. Kingswood, New South Wales, Australia. Accessed 18 September 2016
[iv] SRNSW, Copies of letters sent within the Colony [Colonial Secretary] 1814-1827, NRS 962: Convicts, 4/3666, Reel 1042, p.338