Family Names

Friday, 1 June 2018

Gravestones, Parish records, Newspapers and Wills

Combining Evidence - Confirming Thomas & Anna Jacka’s family

In Sithney Parish Church Graveyard there are four Jacka family headstones along the path to the front entrance.

Figure 1 Photographer Sandra Williamson, Jacka headstones along the front path of the Sithney Parish church, 2012, Sithney, Cornwall England [J103]
Thomas Jacka & his wife Anna, nee Moyses, are buried on the footpath leading from the road to the front door of the Sithney parish church. Their grave is flanked on both sides by 3 of their children’s gravestones; Eliza(died 1828), John(died 1879) and James(died 1881).
Figure 2 Photographer Sandra Williamson, Thomas & Anna Jacka’s headstone Sithney Parish church, 2012, Sithney, Cornwall England[J096]

Their headstone reads:
“ILMO Thomas JACKA died 9 Nov 1833, aged 73 years. Also Anna his wife died March 2nd, 1857 age 88 years. Reader! Learn ti live as thou wouldst wish to die.”


Thomas died in Lannor at the age of 73 and was buried in the Sithney Church grounds.[i] His death announcement, appeared a week later, in the newspaper as follows:-

“At Lannar, in Sithney, on Tuesday, Mr. Thomas Jacka, a respectable farmer, aged 73.” [ii]

Thomas’s will was written on the third May 1833, five months before he died.[iii]

There is a discrepancy in the regarding his actual death date,
·         Headstone he died on 9th November
·         Death notice published on the 16th November, which indicates he died before the 16th. [iv]
·         Probate records his death as the 18 November 1833.[v]  

His estate was settled five months after his death on the 4th April 1834. The only beneficiaries mentioned in his Will were his wife, Anna; his youngest son, James and his two remaining unwed daughters, Martha and Lucy.[vi] His other children were either married or had predeceased him and were not mentioned in his will

After Thomas’s death I have not been able to trace Anna's whereabouts through the 1841 census, however in 1851 she was living with her daughter Elizabeth (married name Watters) and her family.[vii]
1.       Thomas Watters, widow, aged 68, farmer of 56 acreas
2.       John Watters, head, aged 60, Foreman (Anna's son-in-law)
3.       Elizabeth Watters, wife, aged 53, Foreman wife (Anna's daughter)
4.       John Watters, son, aged 20, unmarried, Foreman son
5.       Thos Watters,  son, aged 18, unmarried, Foreman son
6.       James Watters,  son, aged 16, unmarried, Foreman son
7.       Henry Watters, son aged 14 , unmarried, Foreman son
8.       Elizabeth Watters, aged 11, unmarried, Foreman dau.
9.       Joseph Willey, aged 25, unmarried, Farmer Labourer
10.   Eliza Jacka, servant, aged 28, Farmer Servant (probably Anna's grand-niece daughter of her nephew William Jacka & Grace Hollow)
11.   Anna Jacka, Lodger, 82

Anna (88) died on 2 March 1857: 27 years after her husband Thomas.[viii],[ix] They are buried together in Sithney, Cornwall.[x]

Her death announcement, appeared later that week, in the newspaper as follows:-

“At Sithney, on Monday last, Mrs Anna Jacka, aged 88”.[xi]

Anna’s will was written on the 24th February 1854, three years before her death. Her estate was finalized on 16th May 1857, a year after her death. All of her children except Eliza Jacca, who predeceased her, are mentioned in her will.

While researching this family, I have identified some confusion about the number of children borne by Anna. Some of this confusion may have existed due to similar names. 

To confirm the children’s identities I have examined Thomas’s Will, Anna’s Will and the Sithney Parish Registers and developed the table below having identified nine children.

Child’s Name at baptism
Sithney Parish Register, Baptisms, marriages, burials, 1737-1812.[xii]
Father’s Will
1834[xiii]
(child mentioned)
Date of Marriage of Children
Before father died
After father died
Mother’s Will
1857[xiv]
(child mentioned)
Thomas Jacca
Year 1791, page 70, entry 28
No.
Married Elisabeth Sincock on Sithney on 5 December 1816 in Sithney, Cornwall. [xv]
"the widow of my son Thomas Jacka late of Torleaven in the parish of Sithney aforesaid, shopkeeper deceased"
Anna Jacca
Year 1793, Page 73, entry 35
No.
Married John Stephens (of Mangan) on the 26 December 1821, Sithney, Cornwall. [xvi]
"my daughter Hannah the wife of the said John Stephens"
John Jacca
Year 1795, page 77, entry 46
No.
Married Jane Knight 18 November 1828, Sithney, Cornwall, after banns were read. [xvii],[xviii]
"my son John Jacka of the parish of Grade Farmer "
Elizabeth Jacca
Year 1798, page 81, entry 22
No.
Married John Waters (of Breage), Cornwall, 12 November 1829, Sithney, Cornwall, after banns were read [xix],[xx]
"my daughter Elizabeth the wife of John Watters of Torleaven"
Ann Jacca
Circa 1800 no entry located in the parish register
No.
Married William Harry (of Redruth) 28 September 1828, Sithney, Cornwall. [xxi]
"my daughter Ann the wife of William Harry of Redruth in the said county plasterer"
Eliza Jacca 
Year 1803, page 90, entry 31
No.

Died 1 March 1828, aged 25.
Buried on 4 March 1828.[xxii]
Headstone next to parents.
No.
James Jacka
Year 1806, page 95, entry 21
Son James Jacka
Married Mary Lobb 26 April 1835, Sithney, Cornwall by licence. [xxiii]
"my son James Jacka of Lanner aforeseaid Farmer"
Martha Jacka
Year 1807, page 98, entry 33
Daughter Martha Jacka
Married William Jose, farmer from Million, on 12 December 1839, Sithney, Cornwall. [xxiv]
"my daughter Martha the wife of William Jose"
Lucy Jacca
Year 1810, page 103, entry 48
Daughter Lucy Jacka
Married James White a miner residing in Porthleven on 10 October 1837 Sithney, Cornwall. [xxv], [xxvi]
“my daughter Lucy the wife of James White of the Parish of Perran in the County of Cornwall"
Research Note:- Spelling of the Jacka surname changes from Jacca in 1791 to Jacka in 1906 back to Jacca in 1910.

Post updated 4 June 2018 thanks to feedback via email from Paula Ardern 3 June 2018..

Wiki Tree Link to The_Wills_of_Thomas_Jacka_and_Anna_Jacka_nee_Moyse

Sources



[i] Cornwall Record Office, Truro, Cornwall, England., "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," images database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 30 May 2018), Burial of Thomas Jacka, buried 15 November 1833, Sithney Church Register; Sithney Church Register, Burials, 1813-1850, Cornwall Records Office, Truro. Year 1833, page  88, entry 702. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33S7-9RFB-Q2D9?cc=1769414&wc=3CBW-DP8%3A138123201%2C140750301%2C138680301  (image 47 of 206)
[ii] "Births, Deaths, Marriages and Obituaries," The Cornwall Royal Gazette, Falmouth Packet and Plymouth Journal, November 16, 1833; Issue 1576; digital images, British Newspapers 1600-1950 (accessed 22 Feb 2016), 19th Century British Library Newspapers: Part II. 
[iii] AP/J/2427 Will of Thomas Jacka Yeoman, of Sithney 1834. Cornwall Records Offfice, Turo
[iv] "Births, Deaths, Marriages and Obituaries," The Cornwall Royal Gazette, Falmouth Packet and Plymouth Journal, November 16, 1833; Issue 1576; digital images, British Newspapers 1600-1950 (accessed 22 Feb 2016), 19th Century British Library Newspapers: Part II. 
[v] Photographer Sandra Williamson, Thomas & Anna Jacka’s headstone Sithney Parish church, 2012, Sithney, Cornwall England.
[vi] AP/J/2427 Will of Thomas Jacka Yeoman, of Sithney 1834. Cornwall Records Office, Truro
[vii] 1851 England, Wales & Scotland Census HO107/1912/19/6
[viii] Cornwall Record Office, Truro, Cornwall, England., "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," images database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 30 May 2018), Burial of Hanna Jacka, buried 6 March 1857, Sitney Parish Register; Sitney Parish Registers, Burials, 1851-1895, Cornwall Records Office, Truro.  Year 1857, page  31, entry 243; https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33S7-9RFB-Q24S?cc=1769414&wc=3CBW-DPX%3A138123201%2C140750301%2C140761701 (image image 20 of 105)
[ix] "Deaths," Royal Cornwall Gazette, Falmouth Packet & Plymouth Journal, 6 March 1857, p. 5, col. 6; digital images(accessed 30 May 2018). 
[x] Photographer Sandra Williamson, Thomas & Anna Jacka’s headstone Sithney Parish church, 2012, Sithney, Cornwall England.
[xi] "Deaths," Royal Cornwall Gazette, Falmouth Packet & Plymouth Journal, 6 March 1857, p. 5, col. 6; digital images(accessed 30 May 2018). 
[xii] Cornwall Record Office, Truro, Cornwall, England., "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," images database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 25 May 2018), Cornwall Records Office, Truro
[xiii] AP/J/2427 Will of Thomas Jacka Yeoman, of Sithney 1834. Cornwall Records Office, Truro
[xiv] SO/W/581 Will of Ann Jacka of Sithney, widow 1857. Cornwall Records Offfice, Turo, England
[xv] Cornwall Record Office, Truro, Cornwall, England., "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," images database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 25 May 2018), Marriage of Thomas Jacka & Elisabeth Sincock, married 16 December 1816 Sithney Church Register; Sithney Church Register, Marriages, 1813-1837, Cornwall Records Office, Truro. Year 1816, page  28, entry 82. https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-65X9-CZ1?cc=1769414&wc=3CBW-3YX%3A138123201%2C140750301%2C138136501  (image 17 of 183)
[xvi] Cornwall Record Office, Truro, Cornwall, England., "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," images database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 26 May 2018), Marriage of John Stephens & Anna Jacka, married 26 December 1821, Sithney Parish Church;  Sithney Parish Church, Marriages, 1813-1837, Cornwall Records Office, Truro. Year 1821, page  54, entry 161; https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GRFB-SXZS?cc=1769414&wc=3CBW-3YX%3A138123201%2C140750301%2C138136501  (image 121 of 183)
[xvii] Cornwall Record Office, Truro, Cornwall, England., "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," images database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 26 May 2018), Mariage Banns read for of John Jacka & Jane Knight, 2, 9, & 16 November 1828, Sithney Parish Register; Sithney Parish Register, Marriage banns, 1824-1856 (vol 13), Cornwall Records Office, Truro. Year 1828, page  68, unnumbered entry  on top of page; https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-DTTT-RG?cc=1769414&wc=3CBW-T3X%3A138123201%2C140750301%2C1582898402  (image 37 of 199)
[xviii] Cornwall Record Office, Truro, Cornwall, England., "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," images database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 26 May 2018), Marriage of John Jacka & Jane Knight, 18 November 1828, Sithney Parish Register; Sithney Parish Registers, Marriages, 1813-1837, Cornwall Records Office, Truro. Year 1828, page 107, entry  319; https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-65X9-F39?cc=1769414&wc=3CBW-3YX%3A138123201%2C140750301%2C138136501  (image 56 of 183)
[xix] Cornwall Record Office, Truro, Cornwall, England., "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," images database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 26 May 2018), Banns of Marriage for John Waters & Elizabeth Jacka, read on the 25 October, 1 & 8 November 1829, Breage Parish Register; Breage Parish Registers, Marriage banns, 1823-1840, Cornwall Records Office, Truro. Page  140, unnumberd entry last on the page; https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-6SRQ-SVJ?cc=1769414&wc=3CB4-C66%3A138123201%2C138287901%2C138320901  (image 73 of 202)
[xx] Cornwall Record Office, Truro, Cornwall, England., "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," images database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 26 May 2018), Marriage of John Watters & Elisabeth Jacka, married 12 November 1829, Sithney Parish Register; Sithney Parish Registers, Marriages, 1813-1837, Cornwall Records Office, Truro. Page  114, entry  341; https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-65X9-Z43?cc=1769414&wc=3CBW-3YX%3A138123201%2C140750301%2C138136501  (Image 60 of 183)
[xxi] Cornwall Record Office, Truro, Cornwall, England., "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," images database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 25 May 2018), Marriage Banns for William Harry of Redruth & Ann Jacka of Sithney read on 10, 17 & 24 of August 1828, Sithney Parish Register; Sithney Parish Registers, Marriage banns, 1824-1856 (vol 13), Cornwall Records Office, Truro.  Year 1828, page 62, unnumbered entry, last on page; https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-DTTL-J4?cc=1769414&wc=3CBW-T3X%3A138123201%2C140750301%2C1582898402  (image 34 of 199)
[xxii] Cornwall Record Office, Truro, Cornwall, England., "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," images database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 26 May 2018), Burial of Eliza Jacka, buried 4 March 1828, Sithney Church Register; Sithney Church Registers, Burials, 1813-1850, Cornwall Records Office, Truro. Year 1828, page  57, entry  449; https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33S7-9RFB-QKC5?cc=1769414&wc=3CBW-DP8%3A138123201%2C140750301%2C138680301  (image 31 of 206)
[xxiii] Cornwall Record Office, Truro, Cornwall, England., "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," images database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 26 May 2018), Marriage of James Jacka & Mary Lobb, married 26 April 1835, Sithney Parish Register; Sithney Parish Register, Marriages, 1813-1837, Cornwall Records Office, Truro. Page  157, entry  470; https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33S7-9RFB-7Q3N?cc=1769414&wc=3CBW-3YX%3A138123201%2C140750301%2C138136501  (image 174 of 183)
[xxiv] Cornwall Record Office, Truro, Cornwall, England., "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," images database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 26 May 2018), Marriage of William Jose & Martha Jacka, 12 December 1839, Sithney Parish Register; Sithney Parish Registers, Marriages, 1837-1862, Cornwall Records Office, Truro. Page  39, Entry  78; https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33S7-9RFB-73NG?cc=1769414&wc=3CBW-3Y6%3A138123201%2C140750301%2C140778601  (image 42 of 508)
[xxv] Cornwall Record Office, Truro, Cornwall, England., "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," images database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 26 May 2018), Marriage Banns for James White and Lucy Jacka, read  24 September, 1st &  8th October 1837, Sithney Parish Register;  Sithney Parish Registers, Marriage banns, 1824-1856 (vol 13), Cornwall Records Office, Truro. Year 1837, page 189, last entry on page; https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:S3HT-DTTP-3M?cc=1769414&wc=3CBW-T3X%3A138123201%2C140750301%2C1582898402  (image 97 of 199)
[xxvi] Cornwall Record Office, Truro, Cornwall, England., "England, Cornwall Parish Registers, 1538-2010," images database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org : accessed 26 May 2018), Marriage of James White and Lucy Jacka, married 10 October  1837, Sithney Parish Reigster; Sithney Parish Reigster, Marriages, 1837-1862, Cornwall Records Office, Truro. Year 1837, page  4, entry 8; https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33S7-9RFB-73GV?cc=1769414&wc=3CBW-3Y6%3A138123201%2C140750301%2C140778601  (image 6 of 508)

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